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Welcome to our Phonics Page

How we teach Phonics

Key Terms we use in our teaching:

Phoneme – a single unit of sound

Grapheme – a written letter, or group of letters that represent a sound.

Digraph – two letters that make one sound (e.g., ch, sh, th)

Trigraph- three letters that make one sound (e.g., igh, air, ear)

Spilt digraph – two letters that make one sound but the letters have been split apart by another letter (eg the a-e sound in cake).

Blend- To put or merge the sounds together to make a word (e.g. the sounds d-o-g are blended to the word ‘dog’).

Segment – to break down the word into its individual sounds to spell (e.g. cat can be split into the sounds c-a-t).


Click here to watch a video that shows you how to say all the sounds correctly


Here are the sounds and some examples of words taught in each phase.

Useful Websites:

Phonics Screening Check

The phonics screening check is a quick and easy check of your child’s phonics knowledge. It helps school confirm whether your child has made the expected progress.  The screening check is usually done during June in Year 1.  (However due to the Lockdown things may be a bit different this year).

The check will contain a mix of real words and ‘non-words’ (or ‘alien words’). Your child will be told before the check that there will be non-words that he or she will not have seen before.  The children will be familiar with this because we already use ‘non-words’ when we teach phonics from Reception.

Non-words are important to include because words such as ‘vap’ or ‘jound’ are new to all children. Children cannot read the non-words by using their memory or vocabulary; they have to use their decoding skills. This is a fair way to assess their ability to decode.

Please find some examples of the screening checks below.

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